I learned a lot of new information and facts about Indonesia in this subject. Firstly, I learned about the numerous philosophers and scholars and their wise words on the definition, meaning, purpose, characteristics and importance of a state and nation. I learned mostly about different scholars' perception of a state and a nation and how they are similar and/or different from each other. Secondly, I learned deeper on the characteristics of a nation and state and what defines them. I learned the differences of a state and nation, which are governed by the factors of sovereignty, population, territory and government. These four factors are what defines a state and a nation, yet it is not always that easy to identify if a country is a nation or state. Thirdly, in relation to what I said earlier, it is difficult to identify if a country is fully a nation and state, and different people have different ideologies/perception of it. Indonesia is one such example, this is because there are lot of contradictions and similarities of the aspects determining if a country is a state or nation. For example the population in Indonesia are different from each other, there are a lots of languages, and an array of religions (which determines that it is a state), yet Indonesia believes in the fact that everyone is in unity according to the Pancasila (sila No. 3) and even though there are lots of different languages used and spoken in Indonesia, one main language (Bahasa Indonesia) is still used as an overall language, thus contradicting the characteristics of a state and making it a nation. So many people's standpoint and view of Indonesia is different, and no one is incorrect or wrong, Indonesia can be a state, nation or unitary state but one thing to remember is that if you pick a standpoint you must fully support it with facts and information to justify your perception. This is my best sample work as it is my only one so far that I have received a score for. I know that I could have improved if I had fixed some minor mistakes and miscommunication. One big miscommunication that occurred is that since my partner and I was part of the Australian exchange program and were about to miss significant amount of workdays to complete this assignment, we misinterpreted and miscommunicated with our teacher, this resulted in this assignment done in partners. This was an accident and soon I discovered that this costed us points, as it is unclear for the teacher which perception belonged to whom. I developed understanding on the key concept of this subject, which is systems. Systems are "sets of interacting or interdependent components. Systems provide structure and order in human, natural and built environments. Systems can be static or dynamic, simple or complex." I observed that Indonesia is a complicated system after going through many research, facts and information proving Indonesia was a state,nation, or something else. Indonesia is a intricate system which works in a system-based structure and it is so complex that it is difficult to determine a 'one-fits-all' idea/perception if this country is a state or nation (or even something else).